Types of Cuttings used to Propagate Plants
TYPES OF CUTTINGS
‘Stem cuttings’ are the out-growing stems, mature sprouts or tip cuttings. Growers may take many types of stem cuttings.
• SOFTWOOD & HERBACEOUS CUTTINGS:
The fast growing soft tips of stems, usually taken in the spring. Herbaceous cuttings, sometimes called ‘tip cuttings’ or ‘shoot cuttings’, are taken from the young soft tips of stems.
Softwood and Herbaceous cuttings have many variations. Cuttings taken from annuals, herbaceous perennials, tropical plants and house plants are easier to propagate from cuttings than more hardened cuttings.
When using ‘herbaceous’ cuttings for foliar applied Rooting Solutions, other types of ‘herbaceous’ cuttings can be used:
• tender annual cuttings
• tender perennial cuttings
• hardy perennial cuttings
• tender woody cuttings
• HARDWOOD CUTTINGS:
These are taken from the fully mature stems of deciduous shrubs and trees. Stock plants for these cuttings require careful selection and preparation before growers take the cuttings. Pruning of the stock plants allow them to produce new growth early in the growing season. The new growth can produce roots. Growers take these cuttings at the end of the growing season or during the dormant season.
• GREENWOOD CUTTINGS:
These are the soft tips or stems after the spring growth has slowed. The stem is harder and woodier than the soft wood cutting.
• SEMI-RIPE CUTTINGS:
These are taken during the late summer after the annual growth has slowed. The stem is harder than softwood or green wood cuttings.
• HARDWOOD CUTTINGS:
These are taken from dormant fully mature stems, usually from the current year’s growth.
• SCION CUTTINGS:
‘Scion cuttings’ are dormant 'ligneous' woody twigs.
• EYE CUTTINGS:
‘Eye cuttings’ are pieces of foliated or defoliated stalks with one or more eyes.
• ROOT CUTTINGS:
‘Root cuttings’ are parts of the root, usually annual. Growers take these from certain plants which have the capacity to regenerate stems from root parts.
• LEAF CUTTINGS:
‘Leaf cuttings’ are parts of the leaf. New roots dev
Introduction to Plant Propagation from Cuttings:
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